HUBUNGAN KOMPOSISI DAN KELIMPAHAN PERIFITON DENGAN KUALITAS AIR DI SUNGAI DAN DANAU OXBOW DI PALANGKA RAYA PADA KONDISI AIR DANGKAL

Tri Suryono, Jojok Sudarso

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Danau oxbow di Kalimantan Tengah merupakan salah satu danau paparan banjir yang ada di Indonesia, kondisi ekologis dari danau ini sangat dipengaruhi oleh tinggi muka airnya. Secara umum perairan danau ini dipengaruhi oleh kondisi lahan yang mayoritas berupa lahan gambut yang memiliki kecenderungan bersifat asam. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kualitas perairan danau oxbow terhadap distribusi dan kelimpahan perifitonnya. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan Agustus 2015 pada danau-danau oxbow DAS Sebangau, Kahayan dan Katingan. Perifiton diambil dengan mengerik permukaan batu atau kayu yang terendam dengan luas permukaan 16 cm2 diulang 3 (tiga) kali dikomposit. Hasil identifikasi dari stasiun sampling di DAS Sebangau diperoleh  57 jenis terdiri dari 51% kelas Bacilariophyta (29 jenis), kelas Chlorophyta 30% (17 jenis), Cyanophyta 12 % (7 Jenis), Dynophyta 2% (1 jenis), Rhodophyta 2% (1 Jenis) dan Xanthophyta 4 % (2 jenis). Hasil perhitungan diperoleh indeks keanekaragaman sebesar 2,653 (sedang); indek keseragaman 0,681 (sedang) dan indeks dominansi 0,106 (kecil). Sedangkan dari DAS Kahayan diperoleh hasil identifikasi perifiton 64 jenis terdiri dari kelas Bacilariophyta 55% (35 jenis), kelas Chlorophyta 28% (18 jenis), Chrysophyta 2% (1 jenis), Cyanophyta 11 % (7 Jenis), Dynophyta 2% (1 jenis), Rhodophyta 2% (1 Jenis) dan Xanthophyta 2 % (1 jenis). Hasil perhitungan diperoleh indeks keanekaragaman sebesar 2,852 (sedang); indek keseragaman 0,626 (sedang) dan indeks dominansi 0,085 (kecil). Sementara hasil identifikasi dari DAS Katingan diperoleh 71 jenis terdiri dari kelas Bacilariophyta 49% (35 jenis), kelas Chlorophyta 32% (23 jenis), Cyanophyta 13 % (9 Jenis), Dynophyta 1% (1 jenis), Rhodophyta 1% (1 Jenis) dan Xanthophyta 3 % (2 jenis) dengan indeks keanekaragaman sebesar 2,596 (sedang); indek keseragaman 0,582 (sedang) dan indeks dominansi 0,128 (kecil).

Kata kunci: Kualitas air, komposisi,  kelimpahan, perifiton, dan Danau Oxbow.


Keywords


Kualitas air, komposisi, kelimpahan, perifiton dan Danau Oxbow

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afrizal. 1992. Diatom Perifiton pada Subtrat Buatan di Sungai Cimahi Jawa Barat. Program Pascasarjana Institut Teknologi Bandung. Tesis

APHA. 1995. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 19th Edition. American Public Health Association/ American Water Work Association/Water Environment Federation Washington. Dc. USA

Azim MA, Verdegem MCJ, van Dam AA, Everidge MCMB. 2005. Periphyton ecology, exploitation and management. CABI Publishing, Oxfordshire, UK

Bellinger EG, Sigee DC. 2009. Freshwater Algae, Wiley-Blackwell

Biggs BJF, Kilroy C. 2000. Stream Periphyton Monitoring Manual. The New Zealan Ministry For The Environment. NIWA, Christchuch

Boyd CE. 1988. Water Quality in Warmwater Fish Ponds. Fourth Printing. Auburn University Agricultural Experiment Station. Alabama, USA

Cassie V. 1989. A Contribution to the study of New Zealand Diatoms. Bibliotheca Diatomologica. Band 17. J. Cramer: Berlin, Stuttgart

Davis ML, Cornwell DA. 1991. Introduction to Environmental Engineering. Second edition. Mc Graw Hill, Inc., New York

Eaton, Andrew D, Clesceri, Lenore S, Rice, Eugene W, Greenburg, Arnold E, Franson, Mary Ann H. 1995. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (19th Edition), Baltimore, Maryland: American Public Health Association

Effendi H. 2003. Telaah Kualitas Air: Bagi Pengelolaan Sumber Daya dan Lingkungan Perairan. Kanisius, Yogyakarta

Goldman CR, Horne AJ. 1983. Limnology. Mc Graw Hill International Book Company. New York

Hartatik. 1998. Erapan Fosfat, Kelarutan Hara Makro dan Mikro serta Pengaruh Besi terhadap Padi Sawah. Tesis Program Pasca Sarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor

Jorgensen SE. 1980. Lake Management Water Development, Supply and Management, Developments in Hydrobiology. Vol. 14. Pergamon Press. Oxford. UK

Leland HV. 1995. Distribution of phytobenthos in the Yakima River basin, Washington, in relation to geology, land use, and other environmental factors. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52: 1108–1129

McNeely RN, Nelmanis VP, Dwyer L. 1979. Water quality source book. A guide to water quality parameter. Inland Waters Directorate. Water Quality Branch. Ottawa. Canada

Needham JG, Needham PR. 1963. A Guide to Study of Freshwater Biology, Fifth edition, Holden-day, San Fransisco

Odum EP. 1971. Fundamentals of Ecology. Third Edition. W. B. Sounder Co. Philadelphia

Rusanov Alexander G, Elena VS, Eva A. 2009. Distribution of periphytic diatoms in the rivers of the Lake Ladoga Basin (Northwestern Russia). Acta Bot. Croat. 68(2): 301–312

Steinman AD, Mulholland PJ, Kirschtel DB. 1991. Interactive effects of nutrient reduction and herbivory on biomass, taxonomic structure and P uptake in lotic periphyton communities. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48: 1951–1959

Stevenson RJ, Pan Y. 1999. Assessing ecological conditions in rivers and streams with diatoms. Pages 11–40 in Stoermer EF, Smol JP, (eds). The diatoms: applications to the environmental and earth sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK

Stewart BA, Davies BR. 1990. “Allochthonous input and retention in a small mountain stream, South Africa”. Hydrobiologia 202: 135–146

Suryono T, Lukman. 2016. Pengaruh Kualitas Perairan terhadap Komposisi Perifiton di Danau Maninjau. LIMNOTEK Perairan darat Tropis di Indonesia 23(1): 33–43

Ter Braak CJF, Verdonschot PFM. 1995. Canonical Correspondence Analysis and Related Multivariate Methods in Aquatic Ecology, Aquatic Science 57(3): 255–288

Vink APA. 1975. Land Use in Advancing Agriculture. Springer Verlaag. New York

Warrington, P. 1994. Collecting and Preserving Aquatic Plants. Water Quality Branch. Environmental Protection Department. Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks. Government of British Columbia

Wehr JD, Sheath RG. (Eds). 2003. Freshwater algae of North America: ecology and classification. Academic Press, New York

Welch EB. 1980. Ecological effect of wastesater. Cambridge University Press. New York

Wetzel RL. 1979. Periphyton measurements and applications. Pages 3–33 in RL Wetzel (ed). Methods and measurements of periphyton communities: A Review. ASTM STP 690. American Society for Testing and Pennsylvania. Materials, Philadelphia

Whitton BA. (ed). 1975. River Ecology. Study in Ecology. Vol. 2, Berkeley, University of California Press

Wilhm JL, Doris TC. 1968. Biological parameters for water quality criteria. BioScience 18: 477–481


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


PUBLISHED IN COLLABORATION WITH

Masyarakat Limnologi Indonesia

ABSTRACTED/INDEXED BY

Google Scholar ISJD LIPI Indonesia OneSearch Sinta Indonesia Garuda Indonesia


Copyright &copy 2015-2018, LIMNOTEK. All Rights Reserved. Powered by OJS.